By now most people have heard of CBD in some form or another. Whether it be tinctures, edibles, or smokables, CBD has become a popular product helping people from every walk of life. One of the most popular CBD products is CBD oil, but that is a broad term. What does that really mean and what are the differences between the various products? In this article we’ll discuss CBD oil in greater detail and explain some common types. The important takeaway from this article will be that not all CBD oil is the same and it’s important to understand the subtle differences between each when making a choice of product.
What Exactly Is CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is just one of the dozens of chemical compounds called cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. Each of these cannabinoids can serve its own therapeutic purpose, but right away CBD has led the pack in variety of uses and accessibility to the product. When CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, it is specially formulated to contain high levels of CBD and often other cannabinoids as well.
CBD is non-intoxicating, making it a good choice for those seeking treatment for a large variety of conditions without the added risk of feeling high or impaired in any way. CBD oil is actually a very broad term used for a large number of different products that could also be described as CBD extracts. This can often make it confusing when shopping for CBD products as you will likely come across CBD oil in many different forms. Some of the most popular are:
CBD tinctures are pure liquid extracts that are generally applied under the tongue. By adding a few drops under the tongue, the CBD is quickly absorbed into the body and enters the bloodstream. These products are usually sold in a glass bottle with an included dropper built into the lid. The packaging makes it easy to measure dosing.
CBD capsules are filled with the pure CBD oil and swallowed just like any other nutritional supplement. You’ll usually find these products packaged in bottles similar to what you’d see for vitamins or other supplements. The geltabs will most often be clear with only the golden oil being visible inside.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)
This very specific type of oil refers to an alcohol-based extract that is either ingested or applied directly to the skin. This product usually comes packaged in a plastic plunger or some sort of similar applicator.
This can commonly be found in either pre-filled oil cartridges that attach directly to the battery of the vaporizer or also as a vape juice that is used in e-cigarettes.
Dabbable CBD Oil
This is a slightly different and newer form of CBD oil that includes butane hash oil that is rich with CBD, live resins, and rosin. To use dabbable CBD, one has to learn a somewhat complicated flash vaporization process called “dabbing.” If you’re just putting your toes into the world of CBD, this is probably not a product you’ll want to start with, but just be aware that it exists so you’ll understand it when you see it.
Effects and Benefits
As mentioned earlier, the first question most people ask about CBD is whether or not it will make them feel high. The quickest answer to this question is no, it will not. However, if we go more in-depth the answer can vary slightly. The outcome of this will depend very much on where you purchase your CBD oil from and the quality of it. High quality CBD oil will contain only the smallest trace amounts of THC, the cannabinoid that is responsible for intoxication. At these trace levels, the person taking the CBD will not feel high and there will be no trace of THC in their bodies.
However, just like most products, nothing here is created equal either. If you purchase low quality CBD oil, there is a higher chance that the THC levels will be beyond what is considered in the safe zone for non-intoxication. Besides risking the psychoactive high, you could also be risking a drug test coming back positive for THC. Legally CBD products should not contain more than 0.3% THC. When making a purchase, check the packaging and ask for proof of these numbers. Most manufacturers will provide certificates of analysis to prove their claimed THC levels. It is also important to note that a lot of this will come down to each person individually. Results and reactions can vary from person to person, so make sure to start slowly and be aware of your body.
Another factor to consider is that while CBD oil won’t get you high, it can have some other effects on your body. For instance, it’s not uncommon for users to feel physical relaxation, stress relief, or even a slightly alert or sedative effect. Each individual’s reaction will depend on their own unique biology, dosage, and how they chose to ingest it.
Types of Oil
Right now CBD falls into a very strange gray area where it exists on the market for consumers to buy, however it isn’t regulated by the federal government. That means it’s up to consumers to decide which product is right for them and which is the highest quality. The first thing to be aware of is that there are three different types of CBD oil you’ll most commonly see on shelves. They are:
Full-spectrum CBD oil. This oil contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other essential oils. It is generally said that this is the most beneficial type of oil to consume because it leaves in all the chemical compounds most helpful to healing. Leaving all of the major components of cannabis intact gives full-spectrum CBD the added benefit of what’s known as the entourage effect. When the compounds all work together synergistically, they amplify the combined therapeutic benefits more than isolated CBD could do on its own. One important factor to remember when it comes to full-spectrum CBD is that it includes THC.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil. Like full-spectrum, this oil contains all the terpenes, essential oils, and cannabinoids except THC. It’s lack of THC makes broad-spectrum a popular choice for many users because they don’t need to worry about the THC content in their product and what potential effects it could have on them, yet they still get all the benefits of the entourage effect.
CBD isolate. This product contains only CBD. It has gone through a special process to remove all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils. It makes for a super concentrated CBD product, great for those who want only CBD and don’t need the additional help of the entourage effect or THC.
Good to Know
CBD oil can come from any cannabis plant, be it hemp or marijuana. It’s found in the buds of the plant, in their resinous glands. There are, however, some differences between the two types of plants and their uses for CBD:
- Because marijuana is not legal in all states, it is far easier to get CBD products that come from hemp.
- Most CBD comes from hemp because it is produced in higher levels within the hemp plant.
You’ll likely find CBD from hemp sources, but that’s not to say it can’t also come from marijuana plants. Make sure you know where your CBD comes from and what’s in it.